Colonial Lake Books

Fighting Skills Books

A Collection of Historical Fencing Manuscripts - $22.00
Chad McBroom. This book contains English translations of historical fencing manuscripts. Wherever possible, the original author and the translator is credited. All works contained within this book are either public domain or used with the permission of the translator. Texts include: Paradoxes of Defence & Brief Instructions of My Paradoxes of Defence, by George Silver; Hanko Döbringer's Fechtbuch; His True Arte of Defense, by Giacomo di Grassi; The Sword-Man's Vade-Mecum, by William Hope; The Art of Fencing, by Monsieur L'Abbat; Comprehension of Destreza, by Alvaro Guerra de la Vega; and other texts. 248pp. Pb.

A Treatise on the Science of Arms by Camillo Agrippa - $35.00
W Jherek Swanger (annotated Translation). Camillo Agrippa’s "Trattato di Scientia d’Arme, con un Dialogo di Filosofia", published in 1553, is widely regarded as the seminal text of scientific fencing. Agrippa analyzed fencing in terms of geometry, biomechanics, and timing, laying the groundwork for centuries of fencing theory that followed him. This translation is thoroughly annotated, with a particular emphasis on aiding scholars and practitioners of historical fencing to follow Agrippa’s descriptions of combative sequences. An extensive introduction provides background on terminology, the author, and the text itself, places Agrippa’s system within the historical continuum of Italian fencing, and provides a thorough overview of the theoretical and technical aspects of the system. The latter part of the text, Agrippa’s "Philosophical Dialogue", addresses various topics of geometry and pre-Copernican astronomy. Includes bibliography, appendices covering both the Treatise and Dialogue, and glossary. 164pp. Pb.

Alfonso Falloppia by Steven Reich - $24.00
A transcription. A word-by-word transcription of the 1584 fencing work of Alfonso Falloppia. This short book is perhaps the first work which can be considered to cover the classic "Italian Rapier" which would be covered in detail in the next century by such authors as Giganti, Capoferro, and Fabris. Falloppia covers techniques for Sword-Alone, Sword and Dagger, and Sword and Cape. This work is in Italian with the Transcriber's Notes in English. 39pp. Pb.

Ambraser Codex - $37.00
Hans Talhofler. Hans Talhoffer was one the most famous and prolific of the 15th-century German fight masters with at least six fight books attributed to him that have survived to the present day. His Ambraser Codex from 1449 is one of the lesser-known fight books, but it contains a wealth of information about armored combat, dagger fighting, wrestling and mounted combat that makes it tremendously valuable to students of historical combat. Written for Talhoffer’s patron, Leutold von Königsegg, the Ambraser Codex gives us a fascinating blow-by-blow account of what judicial duels were like from start to finish. More than just a translation, the author has used other fighting manuals of the period to interpret Talhoffer’s techniques. 251pp. Pb.

Antonio Manciolino by Steven Reich - $33.00
A transcription. Published in 1531, this was the first treatise on swordsmanship published in the Italian language. Antonio Manciolino was a master of the Bolognese school of swordsmanship and his treatise covers nearly all of the classic weapons of that tradition, including the Assalti of sword and small buckler and the techniques for earnest swordsmanship for the sword and broad buckler or targa, sword and dagger, sword and rotella, sword and cape, sword-alone and two swords. In addition, Manciolino includes material for various polearms including the Partisan, Ronca, Spiedo, and Lance. This work is in Italian with the Transcriber's Notes in English. 131pp. Pb.

The Armourer and His Craft From the 11th to the 15th Century - $41.00
Charles ffoulkes. Standard reference offers comprehensive, detailed record of 500 years of European armor manufacture, materials, tools, cost, weight, and more. Over 100 illustrations. 256pp. Pb.

The Art of Fencing, or, The Use of the Small Sword - $44.00
Monsieur L-Abbat. Andrew Mahon (Trans). Monsieur L'Abbat was a French author and a Fencing Master at the Academy of Toulouse in France in the late seventeenth century. He was the author of the first comprehensive study of the art of fencing entitled Questions Sur L'Art En Fait D'Armes, which was first translated into English by Andrew Mahon in 1734 and called, The Art of Fencing, or, The Use of the Small Sword. 112pp. Pb.

The Art of Sword Combat: A 1568 German Treatise on Swordsmanship - $62.00
Joachim Meyer. Jeffrey L Forgeng (trans). Following the translation of Joachim Meyer's The Art of Sword Combat the author was alerted to an earlier recension of the work which was discovered in Lund University Library in Sweden. The manuscript, produced in Strassburg around 1568, is illustrated with thirty watercolour images and seven ink diagrams. The text covers combat with the longsword (hand-and-a-half sword), dusack (a one-handed practice weapon comparable to a sabre), and rapier. The manuscript's theoretical discussion of guards is one of the most critical passages to understanding this key feature of the historical practice, not just in relation to Meyer but in relation to the medieval combat systems in general. The manuscript offers an extensive repertoire of training drills for both the dusack and the rapier, a feature largely lacking in treatises of the period as a whole but critical to modern reconstructions of the practice. The translation also includes a biography of Meyer, much of which has only recently come to light, as well as technical terminology, and other essential information for understanding and contextualizing the work. 144pp. Hb.

The Art Of War - $17.00
Niccolo Machiavelli. Florentine statesman, writer, and political theorist, Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) considered The Art of War his most important work. Five centuries later, after serving as a guide to Frederick the Great, Napoleon, and countless other military leaders, it remains an authoritative treatise on the fundamentals of warfare. Best known as the political theorist who wrote The Prince, Machiavelli used this book to advocate strategies for Italy's increased military prowess and political strength. Machiavelli was the first to propose a global context for the functional unity of war and politics, with the former serving as an instrument of the latter. Written in the form of dialogues, this 1520 work represents a humanistic treatment rather than a textbook approach. It clearly states and discusses the fundamentals of military organization and strategy: handling recruitment and weapons, motivating troops, demoralizing enemies, and achieving tactical and strategic advantages. Essential to the education of students of military history, strategy, and theory, The Art of War continues to inspire readers. 192pp. Pb.

The Art of War - $16.00
Sun Tzu. Widely regarded as "The Oldest Military Treatise in the World," this landmark work covers principles of strategy, tactics, maneuvering, communication, and supplies; the use of terrain, fire, and the seasons of the year; the classification and utilization of spies; the treatment of soldiers, including captives, all have a modern ring to them. 96pp. Pb.

Arte Gladiatoria: 15th Century Swordsmanship of Master Filippo Vadi - $39.00
Luca Porzio & Gregory Mele. For the first time, a color fascimile and translation from this important 15th century master of late Italian Medieval swordsmanship. Master Fillipo Vadi’s work, previously overlooked and underestimated by fencing scholars, presents the student of historical swordsmanship or of miltiary history a fresh, stunningly beautiful look into the mind of an Italian fencing master. The core of the book is the Prologue and the Chapters that accompany it, explaining in detail not only who should be taught the art of swordsmanship -- and how -- but detailed explanations that cover almost every aspect of swordsmanship. Closely following the works of the late 14th century master Fiore dei Liberi, Vadi fills in many puzzling blanks left by the old Master and offers his own innovations. Accompanying the exquisitely wrought text, finely translated by Luca Porzio, are 56 color plates showing many of the techniques explained in the chapters and by other historical masters, but in this case, with such a beautiful rendering that they are works of art unto themselves. The authors have also included a penetrating new analysis of the Vadi material, debunking common myths about Vadi and challenging the conventional view concerning his place in the history of fencing. Especially interesting is the section by Gregory Mele carefully comparing techniques in Vadi with the different editions of Fiore dei Liberi. An absolute must for the bookshelf of anyone interested in the history of fencing or late medieval warfare, this rich volume will also appeal to collectors of illuminated manuscripts, reeactors, and literary traditions of 15th century Italy. 203pp. Hb.

The Book of Five Rings - $17.00
Miyamoto Musashi. Thomas Cleary (trans). The Book Of Five Rings is one of the most insightful texts on the subtle arts of confrontation and victory to emerge from Asian culture. Written not only for martial artists but for anyone who wants to apply the timeless principles of this text to their life, the book analyzes the process of struggle and mastery over conflict that underlies every level of human interaction. It was composed in 1643 by the famed duelist and undefeated samurai Miyamoto Musashi. Miyamoto Musashi, who lived in Japan in the 1600s, was an undefeated dueler, a masterless samurai, and an independent teacher. He spent the last decades of his life refining and teaching his military science. This translation is immediately accessible, with an introduction that presents the spiritual background of the warrior tradition. Along with Musashi's text, Cleary translates here another important Japanese classic on leadership and strategy, THE BOOK OF FAMILY TRADITIONS ON THE ART OF WAR by Yagyu Munenori, which highlights the ethical and spiritual insights of Taoism and Zen as they apply to the way of the warrior. 96pp. Pb.

The Book of the Order of Chivalry by Sir Nigel MacFarlane - $22.00
Todd H C Fischer. Within the Society for Creative Anachronism, Duke Nigel MacFarlane, KSCA, has reigned as king twice in the Kingdom of Ealdormere and has been a knight for over a decade. Originally from the Middle Kingdom he now dwells in the northlands with his lady, Duchess Adrielle Kerrec, OP, OL, surrounded by their household of Arrochar. In this volume, Sir Nigel expounds on the nature of chivalry, with his words on the subject being transcribed by his squire, TH Laird Colyne Stewart (also known as Todd H. C. Fischer). Within you can read his thoughts on the virtues, pilgramages, the taking of dependents, and more. 58pp. Pb.

Book of the Tournament - $19.00
Brian R Rice. Among medieval re-enactors, this book is considered a classic. First published in 1991, it instructs the modern tournament fighter in decorum on the field of honor, the ideals of knighthood, and how to appear in the armor and costume appropriate to medieval tournaments. This revised edition adds new material relating to the growing Western Martial Arts (WMA) movement, bringing the medieval tournament and its ideals to a whole new group of students of the sword. The author has 20 years of tournament fighting experience, and is a noted teacher of the ideals of chivalry, as well as the science of swordsmanship. 116pp. Hb.

Castles and Warfare in the Middle Ages - $23.00
Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc. Profusely illustrated text describes in detail such elements of European citadels as dungeons, keeps, battlements, and drawbridges. The use of artillery and trenches, as well as such weapons as battering rams, mines, and the long-bow are also discussed. An excellent reference for architectural historians, military buffs, and medievalists. 151 illustrations. 288pp. Pb.

Castles of the World Coloring Book - $9.00
A G Smith. Detailed drawings of 3l world-famous castles: Windsor, Edinburgh, Caernarvon, Krak des Chevaliers, Neuschwanstein, Pierrefonds, and more. 48pp. Pb.

The Duellist's Companion - $67.00
Guy Windsor. A complete training guide to 17th century Italian rapier fencing, and a thorough interpretation of the style of legendary swordsman Ridolfo Capoferro, author of the most famous fencing book in history, his Gran Simulacro, published in 1610. First published in 2006, this guide is the standard work on the subject. 256pp. Pb.

Enemies At The Gate: English Castles Under Seige - $25.00
Julian Humphrys. Illustrated in colour. Buried beneath the crumbling grey walls of England's majestic castles lie some of the most colourful stories in history - tales of triumph and disaster, courage and cowardice, loyalty and betrayal, ingenuity - and stupidity. Enemies at the Gate takes an entertaining look at English castles under siege, from the tunnels and trebuchets of the early Middle Ages to the Civil War when many fortifications, left undisturbed for centuries, were suddenly propelled into the forefront of national events. An in-depth look at 500 years of siege warfare in England that examines both the development of fortifications and the techniques used to capture them. It looks closely at the impact of the siege on a number of England's most fascinating castles, with their capacity to resist attack. The sieges are presented in chronological order and the castles featured cover the whole country. Telling the stories of both attackers and besieged, Julian Humphrys takes us on a journey through the human stories of triumph and catastrophe that accompanied each campaign. Hb.

English Swordsmanship: The True Fight of George Silver - $59.00
Stephen Hand. This is a comprehensive analysis of an historical system of English swordsmanship by George Silver in the late 16th century. His fear that the traditional English system of swordsmanship would be replaced by Italian rapier fencing encouraged him to write outlining the principles of English swordsmanship. Because he was afraid that the principles of “The True Fight” would be lost, Silver’s books are unparallelled in their detailed explanation of Early Modern combat theory. Silver’s preferred weapon was the basket hilted sword. Silver’s system is contemporary with the plays of William Shakespeare and is the style of swordsmanship described as being used by historical characters and by serving men (who preferred the traditional weapons and system over the upper class rapier). Many of Shakespeare’s references to swordsmanship can be traced to incidents in the ongoing quarrels (sometimes fatal) between traditional English Masters of Defence and the teachers of Italian rapier fencing. With nearly a thousand photographs, detailed descriptions of each principle and action and dozens of suggested drills and excercises, English Swordsmanship is an unparallelled reference for anyone looking to recreate Elizabethan Swordplay, whether it be for re-enactment, for stage, or as a martial art in its own right. 248pp. Hb.

Fencing With Spear and Sword: Medieval Armored Combat - $44.00
Hugh Knight. The study of medieval European martial arts is going through a renaissance with new books on the subject being published one after another. This is the first such book, however, to focus entirely on armored combat as practiced by medieval knights. In this book you will learn how fence with the spear and the sword against an opponent in full armor. You will learn the nature and format of medieval combat from its opening stages to its grisly conclusion. The author takes you through the stances, grips, footwork, thrusts and strikes that made medieval combat so elegant and effective with step-by-step instruction and photographs to shed light on this ancient art. 141pp. Sb.

Fighting With The German Longsword - $25.00
Christian Henry Tobler. Fighting With the German Longsword is a brilliant book, distilling the foundational concepts that underly the German system and presenting them in a logical order complete with drills and photographic support. Now, the students of German swordsmanship can build their skills in a well-organized and sensible progression of skills. As such, the book will prove useful to anyone interested in historical swordsmanship. Fighting draws from the corpus of German manuscripts, including those of Hanko Döbringer, Sigmund Ringeck, Hans Talhoffer, Paulus Kals, the von Danzig fechtbuch, Jud Lew, Hans von Speyer, and Joachim Meyer. Most of the work is based on Tobler's original translations, tempered by his experience with the system as a whole. 248pp. Pb.

Fiore de Liberi's Fior di Battaglia - $47.00
Tom Leoni. This book is the first English translation of Fiore de' Liberi's "Fior di Battaglia," the 1409 swordsmanship and martial arts text that is the oldest extant in the Italian tradition. The book survives in four known manuscripts. One of them, housed at the Getty museum in Los Angeles, CA, is held to be the most complete, and is the basis of this translation. Writing for an audience of illustrious students including the powerful marquis Nicolo' d' Este, Fiore presents detailed instruction on wrestling as well as the use of several weapons including longsword, axe, dagger, staff, lance and others. Fiore's text has been translated by experienced historical martial artist Tom Leoni of the Order of the Seven Hearts and reviewed by Maestro Sean Hayes of the Northwest Academy of Arms and by Greg Mele of the Chicago Swordplay Guild. Fourth revision. Text only. 93pp. Pb.

Firearms: A Global History to 1700 - $32.00
Kenneth Chase. The author traces the history of firearms from their invention in China in the 1100s to the 1700s, when European firearms had become clearly superior. Chase asks why it was the Europeans who perfected firearms, not the Chinese, and answers this question by looking at how firearms were used throughout the world. Early firearms were restricted to infantry and siege warfare, limiting their use outside of Europe and Japan. Steppe and desert nomads imposed a different style of warfare on the Middle East, India, and China - a style incompatible with firearms. By the time that better firearms allowed these regions to turn the tables on the nomads, Japan's self-imposed isolation left Europe with no rival in firearms design, production, or use, with lasting consequences. 310pp. Pb.

Formal Partner Exercises - $37.00
Hugh Knight. Formal Partner Exercises presents a series of two-man forms designed to teach students the flow of combat. Each form starts with a basic technique of Johannes Liechtenauer’s system of combat and builds it into a sequence of plays highlighting specific ideas about combat. Using well over 200 photographs, this book teaches the sixteen formal exercises for the longsword and seven formal exercises for the sword and buckler used for training at the journeyman level in die Schlachtschule. These forms were developed from documentable techniques and will help to teach a more authentic understanding of the way in which longsword and sword and buckler techniques could be combined in real combat while providing a format that provides for structured, disciplined training. It must be understood that this book is intended for advanced students. It contains no instruction regarding individual techniques at all since it assumes that anyone who begins training on these forms will already be capable of performing the basic techniques of Liechtenauer’s system. To help with that, however, each technique in each form gives a page number reference that the reader can use to look up the specific technique being demonstrated in the author’s books The Knightly Art of the Longsword and Medieval Sword & Buckler Combat. 190pp. Sb.

Nicoletto Giganti's The School Of The Sword - $43.00
Aaron Taylor Miedema (trans). Rapier fencing and duelling during the 16th and 17th centuries was dominated by the Italian masters, whose systems of sword fighting became increasingly sophisticated. Breaking away from this trend, Nicoletto Giganti developed something different: a frugal system of fencing that cut to the core of what a swordfight was and how to win it. Giganti's Scola overo Teatro, or The School of the Sword, became one of the most influential systems of fencing across Europe in the seventeenth century. Copiously illustrated with redrawings of dozens of Giganti's original plates, over 60 new photographs, and even a new plate, Giganti's detailed curriculum is augmented by comprehensive annotation and commentary. Regardless of whether you are a historian, a casual reader with an interest in the sword, or an accomplished swordsman, Nicoletto Giganti's The School of the Sword is a fascinating guide to the art of rapier fencing. 172pp. Pb.

Gladiatoria Fechtbuch - $30.00
Hugh Knight. This is the first-ever complete translation of the anonymous fifteenth-century fightbook commonly known as the Gladiatoria Fechtbuch. It contains detailed information on armored spear combat, halfsword combat, dagger combat, and ground fighting along with unarmored techniques for Long Shields, sword and buckler and staff combat. This book is a must have item for anyone with an interest in medieval combat or knighthood. Please Note: A few of the pictures in this book are of poor quality, however the suthor has done what he could to clean these pictures and all of them are clear enough to interpret. 144pp. Pb.

Grappling and Dagger Combat in Armor - $32.00
Hugh Knight. The study of medieval European martial arts is going through a renaissance with new books on the subject being published one after another. This is the first such series of books, however, to focus entirely on armored combat as practiced by medieval knights. In this book you will learn how fence with daggers and grapple against an opponent in full armor. You will learn the nature and format of medieval combat from its opening stages to its grisly conclusion. The author takes you through the stances, grips, footwork, thrusts and strikes that made medieval combat so elegant and effective with step-by-step instruction and photographs to shed light on this ancient art. 108pp. Sb.

Highland Swordsmanship - $19.00
Mark Rector. Scotland has a long and proud tradition of swordsmanship, something that is abundantly documented in its medieval literature. This publication reproduces two classic manuals of swordsmansip, both written in the early 18th century. The `Expert Sword-Man's Companion' written by Donald McBane and `New Methods of Fencing' written by Sir William Hope in 1707, both contain advice on the theory of swordplay, as well as technical and ethical issues and the realities of fighting. In this book Rector adds the necessary background material and the California Players re-enact many of the techniques. Mark Rector is an actor, playwright, stage combatant and fight choreographer, as well as a student and practitioner of historical swordplay. He is the translator and editor of "Medieval Combat, Hans Talhoffer's Fechtbuch ('fight book') of 1467" 208pp. Pb.

I33: Fencing in the Style of Walpurgis (2nd Edition) - $38.00
Andrew Kenner. The Walpurgis Manuscript (Royal Armouries Manuscript I.33) is the world's oldest known personal fencing manual. This fascinating manuscript is a window onto a style of sword and buckler fencing that was a popular sport and probably a means of waging war in Germany in the late 13th or early 14th century. This book will take you through a series of instructions designed to have you fencing in this ancient style in a way the authors of the manuscript would have immediately recognized. The instructions include many photographs and a graded series of practice exercises. Rediscover this ancient fencing style for yourself and enjoy and experience a medieval fencing technique which fascinated our ancestors more than seven centuries ago and is still intriguing fencers today. 160pp. Pb.

The Knightly Art of the Longsword - $62.00
Hugh Knight. Johannes Liechtenauer, the father of German martial arts, created a system of combat that was second to none. Later authors wrote books detailing his art, some for earnest combat and others for a sportive version, that have survived to the present day. This book attempts to draw together the writings of various masters of Liechtenauer’s school into a single, comprehensive source detailing the art of fighting in earnest. Not limited to a single author, nor to just the basics of the art, this book attempts to show the full range of Liechtenauer’s art without mixing in any of the more sportive sources from later authors. In addition to the techniques themselves, The Knightly Art of the Longsword includes information on strategic concepts, fundamentals, equipment, finding a school, training, and even how to teach the art. 342pp. Sb.

Knives & Scabbards: Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - $54.00
J Cowgill, M de Neergaard, N Griffiths. Knives were vital to medieval man for a whole range of uses, from the domestic to the wider social context: Anglo-Saxon pre-Christian burials bear silent witness to this dependence in the many cases where knives are found among the grave-goods. Forged and hafted with great skill, sometimes with elaborately decorated scabbards, knives are of intrinsic fascination, besides being indicators of the popular artistic tastes of the time.This book catalogues, discusses and illustrates over five hundred knives, scabbards, shears and scissors dating from the mid-12th to the mid-15th centuries and found in the City of London, particularly along the waterfront sites, where recovered items can be accurately dated by dendrochronology and coin finds. It is a fundamental work of reference for medieval artefacts and material culture, an essential handbook for excavators all over Britain and much of Europe. 184pp. Pb.

Making A Medieval Leg Harness - $38.00
Paul Prater. A how to book for the construction of a medieval leg harness. This book is detailed with full instructions, more than 75 photographs and illustrations and patterns for the pieces. 73pp. Pb.

Marco Docciolini by Steven Reich - $25.00
A transcription. A word-by-word transcription of the 1601 fencing treatise of Marco Docciolini. This important fencing work describes a system of swordsmanship which falls between the older "Cut & Thrust" systems of the 16th century and the classic 'Rapier' systems of the 17th century. Docciolini covers techniques for Sword-Alone, Sword and Dagger, Sword and Cape, Two Swords, Sword and Buckler, Sword and Targa, and Sword and Rotella. This work is in Italian with the Transcriber's Notes in English. 2nd Revision. 120pp. Pb.

Mastering the Art of Arms Vol3: Advanced Longsword - $54.00
This book builds on the foundation laid in The Medieval Longsword, and teaches you how to train Fiore dei Liberi’s Art of Arms, as shown in his 1410 manuscript ll Fior di Battaglia. Renowned swordsman and author Guy Windsor explains three of the longsword forms that are used every day in The School of European Swordsmanship: • The Cutting Drill • The Farfalla di Ferro • THe Longsword Syllabus Form. Each form is explained step by step and application by application, with abundant photographs and images from Fiore’s manuscript. Guy takes you through each step first as a pair drill, then as part of the form, then as a starting point for further training, or for further research into Il Fior di Battaglia. Within these pages you will find in-depth instructions and analysis, dozens of tips for how to improve your skills, and enough material for years of study. Guy Windsor has been training martial arts for 30 years, and teaching professionally since he founded The School of European Swordsmanship in 2001. The School has branches and study groups all over the world. Guy’s other books include The Swordsman’s Companion, The Duellist’s Companion, Veni Vadi Vici, Mastering the Art of Arms volume 1: The Medieval Dagger, and Mastering the Art of Arms volume 2: The Medieval Longsword. 198pp. Pb.

Medieval Jousts and Tournaments Coloring Book - $8.00
John Green. All the thrills, spectacle, and excitement of medieval tournaments come to life in 43 carefully researched and realistically rendered illustrations, among them the mêlée, a free-for-all between two teams on an open battlefield, a dying knight receiving last rites, ladies of the court choosing a knight-of-honor, a lavish tournament banquet, and much more. 48pp. Pb.

Medieval Sword & Buckler Combat - $32.00
Hugh T Knight Jr. Sword and buckler fighting was one of the most common forms of combat in the middle ages, practiced by commoners and nobles alike. With careful, step-by-step pictures and detailed instructions the author shows how to perform the primary sword and buckler techniques of Andreas Lignitzer, Hans Talhoffer and Paulus Kal, fifteenth-century masters of the sword. You will learn the amazingly sophisticated and effective tactical principles of German swordsmanship; guards and footwork; simple attacks and defenses; compound techniques; and finally the solo practice forms of Lignitzer. You will also learn what equipment to use and where to get it so you can start your own study of sword and buckler combat. This book builds on the foundation laid by the previous books in this series to teach all of the primary martial arts essential to a medieval gentleman. J114pp. Pb.

Medieval Wrestling - $58.00
Jessica Finley. In the Middle Ages, wrestling was practiced as both pastime and self-defense by every level of society – nobles, townsman, and peasants alike – and was regarded as the foundation of all other martial arts. And no medieval wrestler’s name looms as large as that of the Jewish master Ott, “wrestler to the noble Princes of Austria”, whose treatise is included in over a dozen fencing manuscripts. In this book, Jessica Finley of the renowned medieval martial arts association, the Selohaar Fechtschule, guides the reader on a journey that begins with the historical background of Ott’s wrestling and culminates in step-by-step instruction for practicing the techniques of this ancient fighting art. Both the lover of history and the wrestler on the mat will find this work an invaluable resource. 184pp. Pb.

Meyrick's Medieval Knights and Armour - $17.00
Samuel Rush Meyrick. Highlights from a magnificent three-volume survey of 9th- to 15th-century arms and armor feature 71 full-color and 7 black-and-white engravings. From Richard the Lionheart in full battle regalia to the equipage of anonymous knights, this volume presents a splendid panorama of medieval paladins and their weapons. Includes brief captions. This is a Dover original selection from A Critical Inquiry into Antient Armour, Henry G. Bohn, London, 1842. 144pp. Pb.

The Play of the Axe: Medieval Pollaxe Combat - $39.00
Hugh Knight. This is the first book to teach the lost art of pollaxe combat that has been produced in over 550 years. Written by a well-known scholar and instructor of the German school of historical combat with more than 15 years of real armored combat experience, this book will teach you all you need to know to learn the knight art of the pollaxe. You will learn everything from fundamentals such as footwork, guards, simple strikes and displacements to more than sixty elegant techniques for using the axe to how to acquire the necessary equipment to practice to how to teach yourself the art. Lavishly illustrated with more than 380 photographs, this book is an amazing introduction to one of the least known but most important arts of combat in the knightly repertoire. 226pp. Pb.

The Pourpoint of Charles De Blois - $55.00
Tashs Kelly. A pattern and instructions for recreating the Charles de Blois pourpoint, arare extant garment from 14th-century France. Its beautiful, complex design accentuates and accommodates an active man's physique. Over 600 years later, it has become popular among practitioners of historical martial arts. When adapted as a foundation garment under armour, it provides a full range of motion in the upper body and arms while maintaining a snug motionless fit around the waist and hips. This girdling allows a leg harness to be attached directly to the garment, distributing its weight efficiently. This pattern provides instructions for making a variety of adapted styles, both martial and civilian in purpose. 160pp. Sb.

Ready For Battle: Make Your Own Chain Mail Armour - $33.00
Steffen schnee. Whether it is for LARP, theatre production, living history event or other related hobbies, with your own hauberk, coife, trousers or other chain mail objects you are ready for battle. For those who prefer to make their own, this book is detailed instructions for making coats of mail and other items from chainmail. The reader can choose between different sections and patterns and learn the necessary techniques, including the manufacture of chain rings and the riveting of chain mail. 64pp. Pb.

The Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship - $99.00
Sigmund Ringeck's Commentaries on Liechtenauer's Verse. Translated and Interpreted by Christian Henry Tobler. Johannes Liechtenauer spent his youth traveling through Central and Eastern Europe, studying with masters from locales as far-off as Krakow and Prague. Through these wanderings, he developed his own unique and deadly form of martial art, that fully integrated sword, spear, dagger and grappling, for use in and out of armour; on foot and horseback. Gathering a select circle of students around him, Liechtenauer transmitted his teachings into cryptic, mnemonic verses and swore his students to secrecy. These students, in turn, became masters-at-arms to the greatest noble-houses of the Empire. In the 15th century, Sigmund Ringeck, master-at-arms to Albrecht, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Duke of Bavaria, and one of the descendants of the “Liechtenauer school,” broke the secrecy, and sought to explain the mysterious verses. Working through the verses line-by-line, he added explanatory commentary on the tactical and mechanical principles of the system. Ringeck’s commentaries reveal a sophisticated system of fighting, based on natural, underlying bio-mechanics, and a fighting philosophy built around maintaining control of initiative. Christian Henry Tobler has rendered this key text into English for the first time, and provides photographic interpretation and commentary for each technique of this “secret” martial art. The result is a must for serious Western martial artists, students of medieval history, hoplologists, and medieval reenactors. 416pp. Hb.

Slings and Slingstones - $48.00
Robert & Gigi York. A fascinating examination of an overlooked weapon. For most of us, our knowledge of slings and slingstones begins and ends with the biblical tale of David slaying Goliath. Scholars and archaeologists have told us that slings like the one David employed were common in the Old World, used not just for shepherd boys to kill giants but for protecting herds, hunting, and combat. However, few scholars have addressed the function slings have occupied outside of Eurasian civilizations, especially their use in Oceania and the Americas. In this astounding new archaeological survey, the authors examine the history of Oceania and the Americas to unveil the significant role slings and slingstones played in developing societies. They present new evidence that suggests that unlike David who plucked rounded pebbles from a stream, inhabitants of the Pacific Islands deliberately fashioned sling missiles out of coral, stone, and clay into uniquely deadly shapes. They also show that the use of slings in the Americas was more pervasive and inclined to variability than previously recognized. Well documented, bountifully illustrated, and thoroughly researched, Slings and Slingstones is sure to engage readers interested in expanding their knowledge of the past. It is an essential reference for archaeologists, historians, and students of the history of arms and weaponry. 196pp. Hb.

Techniques of Medieval Armour Reproduction - $99.00
Brian Price. Few historical icons can match the evocative power of the medieval suit of armour, and this epic book is a complete course in the tools and techniques of the modern armourer's art. Through more than 1,000 detailed photos and clear instruction, Brian Price presents a working handbook for aspiring and active armourers who want to develop their skills in the production of medieval armour in the style of the 14th century. The book is divided into four sections: a sweeping history of armour and its production from its medieval roots to its modern revival; a practical introduction to all the tools and supplies necessary to equip a modern workshop; a thorough review of key techniques; and a series of actual courses in constructing armoured defenses for the head, body, arm, hand and leg. 508pp. Pb.

The Armoured Rose (2nd Edition) - $39.00
Tobi Beck (aka Duchess Elina of Beckenham). This book on fighting in the Society For Creative Anachronism is for women who want to fight but procrastinate, or who fight and want to get better, for men who want to train women, or who dread training women because they always seem to drop out, or those who fight women. It describes how women differ from men in their physical, chemical and psychological make up and what effect this has on their fighting style. There are training photo sequences on particular moves which can help greatly. Primarily a book about the difference between men and women when they meet a physical confrontation. The book focuses on the physical differences between tendons, hands, body ratio as well as the chemical differences in the endocrine system and how it effects the reactions both he and she have on the fighting field. The book also dives in depth to examine what is going on between the ears of the female fighter. Throughout the book there are specific tips for trainers on how to apply the information. The book makes specific references to fighting in the SCA but has been used in Law Enforcement and other Martial Arts when working with women, and male trainers. Any trainer will likely find information well worth the price. A thoroughly fascinating book. 212pp. Pb.

The Last Resort: Unarmoured Grappling and Dagger Combat - $44.00
Hugh Knight. The first book in this series taught the use of the longsword, but medieval knights didn’t always have a sword at hand when trouble struck so the ability to grapple and fight with daggers was crucial in their dangerous world. In this book you’ll learn a unified system of grappling, with or without daggers, that includes sophisticated methods of breaking your opponent’s balance, strikes and kicks, defensive techniques, locks, throws, chokes, ground fighting, and fighting with daggers or against a dagger-wielding foe when you’re unarmed. You’ll also learn how to read your opponent’s intentions and use that information to overpower him easily. This book shows that grappling and dagger combat were part of the integrated whole that made up German medieval martial arts. 187pp. Sb.

The Way to Employ Arms With Certainty - $35.00
Giacomo di Grassi. W Jherek Swanger (trans). Giacomo di Grassi’s “Ragione di adoprar sicuramente l'arme” was originally published in 1570, discussing the use of the sword alone and with various companion weapons, as well as pole arms and the two-handed sword. Upon being translated and published with inferior illustrations in 1594 as “Giacomo di Grassi, His True Art of Defense” it became the first text on swordplay to be published in English. Unfortunately, the Elizabethan English of the 1594 translation is not always easy on the modern reader, and, critically, suffers from inapt choices of terminology and numerous errors of translation. This wholly new translation has rectified these problems; it was made exclusively with reference to the original Italian text, rendering it into clear modern English, and reproduces the superior illustrations of the original. This translation renders di Grassi readily accessible, to the benefit of scholars, stage combat directors, and historical fencers alike. 112pp. Pb.

Tournament - $33.00
David Crouch. The tournament was a mock battle, at its height between 1100 and 1300AD, conducted by two arbitrary battalions over many square miles of open country. It was a one-day event, but when joined to ancillary festivals it could extend it to several days. The centre of the enthusiasm was across north and north-eastern France, where - in the twelfth century - thousands of knights assembled from across northern Europe to seek reputation and profit. But the passion for the tournament extended much further. Tournament holding had penetrated England, Germany and Austria by 1200. The tournament resembled in many senses a modern spectator sport, with spectators, chants, national teams, team colours, inflated salaries, transfer fees, celebrity cults and a lifestyle notable for its excesses. The tournament had a wider significance too. It underpinned the idea of aristocracy; a knight and aristocrat could be defined as a man who frequented the tournament. 252pp. Pb.

Veni Vadi Vici - $42.00
Guy Windsor. A transcription, translation and commentary of Philippo Vadi's De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi manuscript, by Guy Windsor. 192pp. Pb.

With A Bended Bow - $48.00
Erik Roth. Through centuries of war in Europe, the English medieval archer was the most powerful force on the battlefield. Based on the study of medieval writings and period artefacts, this is a comprehensive examination of the archer and his weapon in a time when archery was both economically and militarily vital to the security of England. The author is an accomplished artist, and his illustrations are an invaluable aid to understanding the manufacture and use of the bow. The book examines the types of weapons and kit produced by guildsmen, the materials used, and the work of different specialists including bowyers, fletchers, and stringers. It also details the life of the archer himself, how he cared for his equipment, learned to shoot, and fought for his country on the battlefields of Scotland and France. 256pp. Hb.

Yeoman's Guide To Basic Leather Armor - $21.00
Brian Pfeifer, Baron Sylvanus Perrin. Basic Leather Armor will help you start crafting armor right away. It covers all of the essential skill you need to make and customize leather armor for medieval combat. You'll use some of the techniques, like assembling straps and buckles, when you prepare steel or plastic armor for field use. If that isn't enough for you, we've also included a pattern and instructions for making a leather dog-collar gorget. As you work through this project, you'll practice most of the skills taught in the preceding pages. From buying leather, to tracing patterns, to stitching seams, to adding decoration, The Yeoman's Guide to Basic Leather Armor is perfect for novice fighters, and those who care for them. 33pp. Pb.

Osprey Publications

Osprey Elite: Attila & the Nomad Hordes - $25.00
David Nicolle. Of all the conquerors who swept out of Central Asia, two names stand out in European memory - Attila the Hun and Genghis Khan the Mongol. Both are remembered for massacres and devastation; yet whereas Genghis is also famous for the laws he imposed on half of Asia and for the trade which flourished under Mongol rule, Attila's notoriety seems unrelieved by positive achievements. But what was Attila's short-lived empire really like? What happened to the Huns afterwards, and what role did the nomads of Central Asia play in the centuries between Attila and Genghis Khan? 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Elite: Byzantine Imperial Guardsmen 925-1025AD - $25.00
Raffaele d'Armato. The hundred-year period ending in 1025, from the reign of the Emperor Constantine VII to that of Basil II ‘the Bulgar-Slayer’, encompassed the last great era of Byzantine aggression and dominance in the Near East and Balkans. During that time, a succession of soldier-emperors challenged and defeated an array of opponents on land and at sea and reconquered vast swathes of territory. At the heart of the Emperors’ forces were the professional, highly mobile Tagmata or Imperial Guard regiments, originally formed to guard the Emperor¹s person in the capital but invariably deployed as elite combat troops. Joining these heavy cavalry units, were a variety of exotic mercenary units recruited from foreigners, notably the legendary Varangians. Featuring specially commissioned full-colour artwork, this lively study sheds new light on the colourful regiments of the Byzantine Imperial Guard, the formidable warriors who provided the Byzantine emperors with an insurance policy in the capital, and the elite of their field armies when on campaign. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Elite: Elizabethan Sea Dogs - $25.00
Angus Konstam. The swashbuckling English sea captains of the Elizabethan era were a particular breed of adventurer, combining maritime and military skill with a seemingly insatiable appetite for Spanish treasure. Angus Konstam describes these characters, including such well-known sea dogs as Francis Drake, Walter Raleigh, John Hawkins and Martin Frobisher. For about 40 years they fought a private war with the Spanish, and while their success in defeating the Spanish Armada is well known, this book also covers their exploits in the New World. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Elite: Pike and Shot Tactics - $25.00
Keith Roberts. Throughout the 17th century large parts of Europe were depopulated during the wide-ranging and savage wars of religion and dynasty, involving all of the major powers. This was therefore a key period in the development of ‘modern’ infantry tactics, such as the use of pole-arms and muskets together - hence the popular expression ‘pike and shot’. These infantry tactics involved different national schools on thought and practice, and were tested bloodily in great battles. This title covers the Dutch-Spanish wars of independence, The Thirty Years’ War and the English Civil Wars. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Castles of Henry VIII - $25.00
Peter Harrington. In the last years of his reign Henry VIII needed a radically modern system of defence to protect England and its new Church. Anticipating a foreign onslaught from Catholic Europe after his split from Rome, Henry energetically began construction of more than 20 stone forts to protect England's major ports and estuaries. Aided by excellent illustrations, Peter Harrington explores the departure from artillery-vulnerable medieval castle designs, to the low, sturdy stone fortresses inspired by European ideas. He explains the scientific care taken to select sites for these castles, and the transition from medieval to modern in this last surge of English castle construction. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: English Castles 1200 - 1300AD - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. The simple castles raised after the Norman conquest had been developed throughout 11th and 12th centuries, whilst the introduction of Islamic and Byzantine fortification techniques from the late 12th century led to further developments in castle architecture. These fortifications were to be well tested throughout the course of the 13th century as England was riven by the conflict, characterized by prolonged sieges, between the monarchy and powerful magnates. As well as providing the focus for warfare, castles increasingly became the centres of their communities, providing a more permanent base for the lord, his family and retainers, as well as acting as centres for justice and administration. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Forts of Celtic Britain - $25.00
Angus Konstam. Half a millennium before the Romans first arrived in Britain, an even more ferocious people, the Celts, arrived in what is now south-eastern England. The Celts remained in Britain long after the Romans departed, and although driven into the remoter corners of the island by English invaders the people who remained clung onto their Celtic heritage, and defended their remaining lands against all-comers. In order to defend their lands from other tribes or outside invaders these people established powerful fortified sites that served as places of refuge in wartime and as administrative and trading centres in times of peace. This book examines these fascinating forts, which varied considerably from the mysterious brochs and duns found in northern Britain, to the hill-top forts ranging in size, to the promontory forts that formed powerful coastal strongholds all around the island’s shores. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Hadrian's Wall AD 122-410 - $25.00
Nic Fields. Hadrian's Wall is the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain. It is the best known frontier in the entire Roman Empire and stands as a reminder of the past glories of one of the world's greatest civilisations. Its origins lie in a visit by the Emperor Hadrian to Britain in AD 122 when he ordered the wall to be built to mark the northern boundary of his Empire and 'to separate the Romans from the Barbarians'. This title details the design, development and construction of the wall and covers the everyday lives of those who manned it as well as the assaults it withstood. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Norman Stone Castles (1) The British Isles 1066-1216AD - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. Descended from the Viking raiders who settled in Northern France under the leadership of Rollo in around 911, the Normans were amongst the most feared warriors of their time. Their territorial ambitions culminated in Duke William 1's conquest of England in 1066, but although victory at Hastings left the English crown in William's hands, Norman sovereignty remained far from established on the island. In order to consolidate his position, the new king built a series of fortifications across the country - this book covers all these developments from the early days of William I through to the fortifications of Henry II, Richard I and John. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Rome's Saxon Shore AD 250-500 - $25.00
Nic Fields. Constructed to protect the coastline of southern and eastern Britain, the forts of the 'Saxon Shore' are among the most impressive surviving monuments of the Roman occupation of the British Isles, although much about them remains a mystery. In an impressive outlay of money, manpower and materials the frontier system stretched from the Wash to the Solent and included the heavy fortification of the major harbours and estuaries of the east and south-east coast. This book explores the history of this frontier system the ruins of which define the British landscape to this day. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Saracen Strongholds 630 - 1000AD: The Middle East - $25.00
David Nicolle. The Islamic world drew upon a myriad of pre-existing styles of fortification, taking Romano-Byzantine, Indian and Chinese ideas to create a highly effective and sophisticated hybrid fortification that was both new and distinctive. This book examines early Saracen fortifications, covering their historical background, socio-political circumstances, and their role in protecting industry, trade and the frontiers of the Islamic world. From the mayyad 'castles in the desert' of Jordan and Syria to the 'Round City of Baghdad' and the great gates of Cairo, this book provides an insight into the majesty of the Saracen forts, illustrated with specially commissioned artwork and cutaways, together with photographs of period engravings and images of the sites today. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Scottish Baronial Castles 1250 - 1450AD - $25.00
Michael Brown. Devastated by the civil wars of the 17th century or by the neglect of their owners, the majority of Scottish baronial castles built between 1250 and 1450 survive as little more than skeletal ruins. These reminders of Scotland's past have captured the imaginations of romantics, artists, writers and tourists since the late 18th century. Often set in spectacular surroundings, on cliff-tops, islands, and gorges, their ruined grandeur evokes a medieval world of sieges, banquets and murders, and provides a rare physical link with the Anglo-Scottish wars of Robert the Bruce and William Wallace. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Strongholds of the Picts - $25.00
Angus Konstan. When the Romans withdrew from Britain, the north of the country was ruled by the most mysterious of the ancient British races, the Picts. Much of what is known about these "painted” warriors, comes from the remains of the fortifications that they left scattered around Scotland. Although the Picts are famous as sea raiders, they were also subjected to attacks from a number of opponents. To their south, the Romano-British reoccupied the abandoned Roman fortifications and hired Saxon mercenaries to strike against the Picts. Meanwhile, from the west a new group, the Scoti, attacked from Ireland. This book covers the fortification of the ancient Picts in all their conflicts and discusses the importance of these sites as religious centres and seats of power, while using the latest archeological evidence to help unravel the mystery of this ancient race. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Walls of Constantinople AD 324-1453 - $25.00
Stephen Turnbull. The walls of Constantinople are the greatest surviving example of European medieval military architecture in the world. They withstood numerous sieges until being finally overcome by the artillery of Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453, and exist today as a time capsule of Byzantine and Medieval history. This book examines the main defensive system protecting the landward side of the city, which consisted of three parallel walls about 5 miles long. The walls defended the city against intruders, including Attila the Hun, before finally being breached by European knights during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and, ultimately, destroyed by Turkish artillery in 1453. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Age of Charlemagne - $25.00
David Nicolle. Most historians agree that the Carolingian Age, from the 8th to 10th centuries AD, represented one of the most important turning points in European history. It can be said with some certainty that early Carolingian military success was built on good leadership, adequate administration, and troops whose morale was almost consistently superb. It is also clear that the Carolingian army managed to adapt itself to face many and differing foes. This absorbing text by David Nicolle explores the organisation and history of the Carolingian Empire during the age of one of history's most romanticised and heroic figures - Charlemagne. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Armies of Castile & Aragon 1370-1516 - $25.00
John Pohl. Most studies of medieval warfare in the late 14th and 15th centuries concentrate on the Hundred Years' War between England and France and the Wars of the Roses. But meanwhile, on the Iberian peninsula, the foundations of Spain's military ‘Golden Age' were being laid as the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon under the Trastamara dynasty grew in power, ambition and success. Featuring spectacular full-colour artwork, and rare manuscript illustrations, this book depicts the fighting men whose skill and tactical flexibility made Spain into a world power at the close of the Middle Ages, carving out empires from the Mediterranean to the Caribbean. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Armies of the German Peasant's War 1524-26 - $25.00
Douglas Miller. In the 1520s, a brief but savage war broke out in Germany when various insurgent groups rose to overthrow the power structure. The movement took as its emblem a peasant's shoe and the collective title of 'Bundschuh', and this became known as the Peasants' War - although the rebel armies actually included as many townsmen, miners, disaffected knights and mercenary soldiers as rural peasants. The risings involved large armies of up to 18,000 men, and there were several major battles before the movement was put down with the utmost ferocity. This book details the armies, tactics, costume, weapons, personalities and events of this savage war. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Armies of the Ottoman Turks 1300-1774 - $25.00
David Nicolle. The birth of the Ottoman state is shrouded in legend. Whatever the truth of its origins, the Ottoman's formed an Empire which almost succeeded in bringing Christian Europe to its knees. During the last decades of the 13th century, the ambitious Osman Bey's tiny mountain state took eight frontier castles plus the Turkish town of Eskisehir. In 1299 Osman seized Yenisehir after working up the Kara Su valley. With this as its first real capital, the Ottoman state emerged into history poised above the fertile shores of the Sea of Marmara. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Border Reivers - $25.00
Keith Durham. From the 13th century until early in the 17th century the Border Marches of England and Scotland were torn by a vicious and almost continuous cycle of raid, reprisal and blood feud. The Border Reiver was a professional cattle thief, a guerilla soldier skilled at raiding, tracking and ambush and a well organised 'gangster'. Including eight superb full page colour plates by Angus McBride, as well as numerous other illustrations, this text by Keith Durham explores the colourful history of these remarkable people. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: El Cid and the Reconquista 1050-1492 - $25.00
David Nicolle. The very name El Cid sums up much of the special character of medieval Spanish warfare. It comes from the Arabic al sayyid, master or chieftain, and seems to have been given to Rodrigo de Vivar by his Muslim foes. But was it given in recognition of El Cid's victories against Islam in the 'Reconquista' - or because this Castilian nobleman was as content to serve beside the Muslims as to fight them? The story of the Christian conquest of the Iberian peninsula which gave rise to the legend of El Cid, is here examined by David Nicolle, who outlines the history, tactics, arms and armour of the period. 49pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Forces of the Hanseatic League - $25.00
David Nicolle. The Hanseatic League was a commercial and defensive federation of merchant guilds based in harbour towns along the North Sea and Baltic coasts of what are now Germany and her neighbours, which eventually dominated maritime trade in Northern Europe and spread its influence much further afield. The League was formed to protect the economic and political interests of member cities throughout a vast and complex trading network. The League continued to operate well into the 17th century, but its golden age was between c.1200 and c.1500; thereafter it failed to take full advantage of the wave of maritime exploration to the west, south and east of Europe. During its 300 years of dominance the League’s large ships – called ‘cogs’ – were at the forefront of maritime technology, were early users of cannon, and were manned by strong fighting crews to defend them from pirates in both open-sea and river warfare. The home cities raised their own armies for mutual defence, and their riches both allowed them, and required them, to invest in fortifications and gunpowder weapons, since as very attractive targets they were subjected to sieges at various times. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: The Hussite Wars 1419-36 - $25.00
Stephen Turnbull. In 1415, the judicial murder of the religious reformer Jan Hus sparked a major uprising in Bohemia. His death led within a few years to the 'Hussite' revolution against the monarchy, the German aristocracy and the Church establishment. For two decades the largely peasant Hussite armies successfully defied a series of international 'crusades'; they owed many of their victories to the charismatic general Jan Zizka, and his novel tactical methods based on the use of 'war wagons'. This remarkable episode in medieval warfare is remembered not only as the Czech national epic, but as an important forerunner to the wars of the Reformation the following century. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Irish Wars 1485-1603 - $25.00
Ian Heath. The Reformation in England further distanced the Irish, as the majority of Irishmen adhered stubbornly to their Catholicism. Eventually, in Elizabeth's reign, both sides resorted to the use of force on a large scale in a series of bloody wars and rebellions that were to culminate in the Earl of Tyrone's 'Great Rebellion' of 1595-1603. This text by Ian Heath looks at the history, organisation and tactics of the armies of the Irish Wars 1485-1603, armies which included such troops as the fearsome Irish Galloglasses, who bore a deadly axe six feet long with a blade one foot broad! 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Italian Medieval Armies 1000-1300 - $25.00
David Nicolle. As early as the 11th century, Italian warfare was developing along lines which were unique in medieval Europe. This fragmented, cosmopolitan region, increasingly rich from international trade, saw the rise of independent cities able to fund armies of urban militia, sometimes defying the traditional feudal aristocracy. Against this background regional powers - the Normans, the Papacy, the German Emperors, the Angevins and Aragonese - manoeuvred for advantage. This engrossing account of the armies of northern and southern Italy - their organisation, command structure, strategy, tactics and fortifications - is illustrated with rare manuscript images, diagrams of fortifications, and eight striking colour plates showing armour and weapons of all types. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Medieval European Armies - $25.00
Terence Wise. Almost continual warfare raged in Europe during the period 1300-1500. These wars were the furnaces in which many of the modern European nations were forged. Parallel with this emergence of the nations came the development of national armies to protect the newly-won borders and independence, yet throughout this period the old feudal method of raising an army persisted. This fascinating study by Terence Wise explores the organisation, weapons and equipment of the armies who fought across medieval Europe, from the Hundred Years War to the fight against the Moors in Spain and the French invasion of Italy. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Medieval Heraldry - $25.00
Terrance Wise. Coats of arms were at first used only by kings and princes, then by their great nobles, but by the mid-13th century arms were being used extensively by the lesser nobility, knights and those who later came to be styled gentlemen. In some countries the use of arms spread even to merchants, townspeople and the peasantry. From the mundane to the fantastic, from simple geometric patterns to elaborate mythological beasts, this fascinating work by Terence Wise explores the origins and appearance of medieval heraldic devices in an engagingly readable style accompanied by numerous illustrations including eight full page colour plates by Richard Hook. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Medieval Scandinavian Armies (1) 1100-1300 - $25.00
David Lindholm & David Nicolle. While Scandinavia's 'Viking Age' is one of the most studied aspects of early medieval history, much less has been published about the centuries that followed. Yet the armies of Sweden, Norway and Denmark offer fascinating differences from the rest of medieval Western Europe, both in their organisation and their war gear - due partly to their remoteness, climate and terrain, but partly to their long freedom from the feudal system of other kingdoms. This book explains the special nature of Scandinavian armies, shaped by the relative weakness of kings and aristocrats, and the contrasts between the separate nations of the North. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: The Mongols - $25.00
Stephen Turnbull. The history of the Mongol armies is a catalogue of superlatives. No armies in history have ever won so many battles or conquered so much territory. No army has ever provoked such justifiable terror and loathing in its victims, or slaughtered so many of its vanquished. What other army in history has marched on Russia in the winter and survived, let alone won victories? The stories of these and many other amazing feats of this 'barbarian' people are here brought vividly to life by Stephen Turnbull, from the birth of Genghis Khan in the wind-swept steppes of Mongolia, through the conquest of China and beyond. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Scandinavian Baltic Crusades 1100-1500 - $25.00
David Lindholm & David Nicolle. This book describes and illustrates the armour, weapons, fortifications and ships of one of the least-known phases of the Medieval Crusades - the expeditions by Scandinavian Catholics against the pagan peoples to the east of the Baltic Sea, and their subsequent clashes with the Eastern Orthodox Russian princes of Novgorod and Muscovy. From isolated castles built in this bleak wilderness of forests, lakes and bogs, the small garrisons struggled equally against the enemy and the harsh terrain and climate. The text is illustrated with photographs of rare museum relics and of castles, and spirited colour plates by Angus McBride. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Medieval Siege Weapons (1) Western Europe - $25.00
David Nicolle. The Medieval era was a period of huge variety and invention in siege warfare. Before the use of cannon and other gun-powder artillery, siege engines relied on assorted sources of power, from torsion 'energy storage' systems to man-power, counter-balances and others. This book reveals how technological traditions from the Graeco-Roman world, Persia, India and above all China made a massive contribution to siege warfare techniques. It also covers developments in military engineering, such as mining, counter-mining, the breaking of walls, the use of noxious and chemical fumes and the use of fire-weapons. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Medieval Siege Weapons (2) Byzantium - $25.00
David Nicolle. When it came to non-gunpowder machine development, the medieval period was one of the most inventive in military history. During this era, the pre-existing military-technological traditions from the ancient worlds were brought together. Three civilisations were primarily responsible for this evolution: the Late-Roman or Byzantine Empire, the Islamic World, and latterly the Mongol ‘World Empire’. This book examines the resulting stone-throwing machines from torsion ‘energy storage’ systems, to manpowered and counterbalance sling devices, rockets and others. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Spanish Galleon: 1530 - 1690AD - $25.00
Angus Konstam. During the middle decade of the 16th century a new type of sailing vessel emerged, designed to carry the wealth of the Americas to Spain. This was the galleon, and over the next century these vessels would serve Spain well as treasure ships and warships, becoming a symbol of Spanish power and wealth during the period. The development and construction of the Spanish galleon are discussed in this book, and the ordnance and crewing needed to produce and maintain these stately vessels is covered. The author also examines the role of the galleon as a treasure ship, and describes how these ships were manned and fought in action. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Viking Longship - $25.00
Keith Durham. Viking longships evolved from one-man canoes of the Scandinavian Stone Age, through wood-built-ships of c. 200 BC into the recognisable longboats of the 4th century AD. From this point, the Viking Longship developed into the pre-eminent raider and trader in the North Sea and Baltic, venturing as far afield as the Mediterranean, North Atlantic and modern-day Russia. Keith Durham uses reconstructions, original sources, translations and archaeological evidence to render a vivid picture of the vessels that dominated the seaways of Scandinavia, founded colonies on Iceland, Greenland and the New World and terrorised the coastlines of northern Europe. Also covered are Norman vessels, including the invasion fleet of William the Conqueror. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Border Reiver 1513 - 1603AD - $25.00
Keith Durham. Stretching from the North Sea to the Solway Firth, the Border region has a sharply diverse landscape and was a battleground for over 300 years as the English and Scottish monarchs encouraged their subjects to conduct raids across their respective borders. This Warrior title will detail how this narrow strip of land influenced the Borderer’s way of life in times of war. Covering every aspect of militant life, from the choice of weapons and armour to the building of fortified houses, this book gives the readers a chance to understand what it must have been like to live life in a late-medieval war zone. 62pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Carolingian Cavalryman 768 - 987AD - $25.00
David Nicolle. The army of Charlemagne and his successors enabled the western Franks to recreate what contemporaries regarded as a 'reborn' western Roman empire. Frankish society was well prepared for war, with outstanding communications drawing together the disparate regions of a large empire. The role of mounted troops, the essential striking force of the Frankish army, is explored here. Alongside it was the impact that new technology, such as stirrups, had on warfare in this period. Illuminating a much-neglected area of history, this book shows how the role of cavalry grew in prestige, as the Carolingian armoured horseman gave way to the knight of the early 10th century. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Condottiere 1300 - 1500AD - $25.00
David Murphy. Originally contracted by wealthy Italian city states to protect their assets during a time of ceaseless warring, many condottieri of the Italian peninsula became famous for their wealth, venality and amorality during the 14th and 15th centuries. Some even came to rule cities themselves. Lavishly illustrated with contemporary depictions and original artwork, this title examines the complex military organization, recruitment, training and weaponry of the Condottieri. With insight into their origins and motivations, the author, Dr David Murphy, brings together the social, political and military history of these powerful and unscrupulous men who managed to influence Italian society and warfare for over two centuries. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: English Medieval Knight 1200 - 1300AD - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. The 13th century was a time of change for knights in England. They were faced with rising costs and increasing demands on their time for local government because of their very status in society, until knighthood itself was sometimes avoided. This period saw as well the development of the tournament from the wild team events of the early years of the century to the single jousts with blunt lance. Campaign life in the 13th century also embraced several theatres of war including the baronial revolt against King John, the Barons' Wars of Simon de Montfort, and the Welsh and Scottish wars of Edward I. This title also covers the use and development of arms, armour, costume and other equipment. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Gallowglass 1250 - 1600AD - $25.00
Fergus Cannan. Galloglass, from the Gaelic gallóglaigh for ‘foreign warriors’, were mercenaries from the Western Isles of Scotland who fought in the retinues of Irish magnates from the mid-13th century until the early 17th century. This work looks at the clan and family structures of the galloglass, their performance in battle, their weapons and armor and how these were made and by whom. The unique fighting skills and tactics of the galloglass are also studied, as well as how they were organized on the battlefield and their command structures and systems of rank. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Italian Militiaman 1260 - 1392AD - $25.00
David Nicolle. Medieval Italy was characterized by regular warfare among its numerous city-states, as well as internal strife within comunes as aristocratic factions fought each other for domination of the cities' governments. In this context, Italian warfare developed quickly, with the crossbow playing a key role in improving the armour technology of the Italian city militias that used them. This book traces the evolution of the Italian militiaman, providing a comprehensive view of all aspects of the late medieval Italian city militias, from the weaponry, attitudes and social backgrounds of their members, to the political context that made such formations necessary. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Matchlock Musketeer 1588-1688 - $25.00
Keith Roberts. The Matchlock Musketeer follows the lives of soldiers armed with this weapon from its adoption by the English in Queen Elizabeth's reign until its replacement with the flintlock at the end of the 17th century. It was used extensively during the Armada Campaign, the English Civil War, The Restoration and the Glorious Revolution. The musketeer's experience in battle, skirmish, siege and camp saw both change and continuity during this period. The common experiences of the musketeer (including digging trenches, firing and fighting, and life on campaign) are explored in this title. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Tudor Knight - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. The Tudor knight was the first line of defence employed by monarchs from Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, the last of a long tradition of knighthood dating back to the 11th century. Knighthood during the Tudor era saw reforms in recruitment, appearance, and most radically in training and equipment. This book details those changes, profiling the knight’s appearance and dress, life on campaign, and experience of battle in France, Scotland and Ireland. It also explores the concept of chivalry, as sensationally enacted by Henry VIII and Francis I of France at the celebrated Field of Cloth of Gold near Calais, in 1520. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Weapons: Katana The Samurai Sword - $25.00
Stephen Turnbull. The Samurai sword of Japan is probably the finest edged weapon ever made. This volume by leading Samurai expert Stephen Turnbull reveals the story of how and why it achieved this distinction. Particular attention is paid to the development of the familiar curved blade from the original straight blades, the associated development of Japan's famous steel-making techniques and the challenges from contemporary warfare. Together with the technical details of forging, polishing, mounting and testing; this volume is brought to life with details of the great swordmakers themselves. Moreover, no history of the sword would be complete without a detailed examination of its use in combat, from the greatest Samurai armies to individual duels and revenge killings. Personal accounts allow the reader to discover the art of Japanese swordsmanship in the hands of masters such as Miyamoto Musashi to the unnamed Japanese warrior defending his family's honour. This lively text is perfectly complemented by artwork reconstructions of the sword in use and colour photographs of the swords in use. 80pp. Pb.

Osprey Weapons: Medieval Handgonnes: The First Black Powder Infantry Weapons - $25.00
Sean McLachlan. In the early 14th century, a new weapon entered the arsenals of European armies. This first generation of black powder weapons put fear into the heart of the enemy and in 1453 Ottoman cannon succeeded in pummelling the once-impregnable walls of Constantinople. But cannons, which are both slow and cumbersome, were difficult to use and often proved inaccurate. The first handgonnes were the answer. Easily dismissed by later historians as nothing more than crude tubes that shot wildly inaccurate lead balls, more recent research has revealed the true accuracy of the medieval handgonne together with its penetrative power. This volume, complete with detailed illustrations and colour photographs of reconstructed handgonnes, reveals the true history of what could easily have been the most revolutionary weapon in history. 80pp. Pb.